Animal Farm: A Fairy Story 小说

  • 中文名: 动物庄园
  • 别名: 一脸猪相
  • 动物农场
  • 动物农庄
  • Animal Farm
  • 出版社: Signet
  • 发售日: 1945-08-17
  • 页数: 112
  • 作者: George Orwell

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Animal Farm is an allegorical and dystopian novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalin era in the Soviet Union. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as a satirical tale against Stalin ("un conte satirique contre Staline"), and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), he wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in which he had tried, with full consciousness of what he was doing, "to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole".

The original title was Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, though the subtitle was dropped by U.S. publishers for its 1946 publication and subsequently all but one of the translations during Orwell's lifetime omitted it. Other variations in the title include: A Satire and A Contemporary Satire.Orwell suggested the title Union des républiques socialistes animales for the French translation, which abbreviates to URSA, the Latin for "bear", a symbol of Russia, and which recalled the French name of the Soviet Union, Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques.

Orwell wrote the book from November 1943 to February 1944, when the wartime alliance with the Soviet Union was at its height and Stalin was regarded highly by the British people and intelligentsia, a circumstance that Orwell hated. It was initially rejected by a number of British and American publishers,including one of Orwell's own, Victor Gollancz. Its publication was thus delayed, though it became a great commercial success when it did finally appear partly because the Cold War so quickly followed World War II.

Time magazine chose the book as one of the 100 best English-language novels (1923 to 2005); it also featured at number 31 on the Modern Library List of Best 20th-Century Novels. It won a Retrospective Hugo Award in 1996, and is also included in the Great Books of the Western World selection.
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Brethland @ 2020-5-30 03:45

bgm什么都有

苏格兰的狮子 @ 2020-5-12 09:40

看到斯奎拉,我就很喜欢。

hitheren @ 2020-5-6 21:49

面包虫这辈子都不会做面包

先生 @ 2020-4-26 17:13

当年在自习课上看的

ouroboros @ 2020-3-22 13:27

动物庄园是寓言性质的小说,1984是科幻性质的小说,正午的黑暗是现实性质的小说。或许我的文学素养比较差,比较怀旧,让我感到崩溃的是正午的黑暗。对外外行,对内内行。

focus0 @ 2020-2-10 11:49

bgm什么都有

coin @ 2019-10-10 17:47

时评(

风吟月舞 @ 2019-2-13 21:30

乔治·奥威尔惊为天人的寓言/预言,看完开头就已经猜到结局了。风趣深刻,相比《1984》要浅显易懂许多。

Asimov_Solensan @ 2019-2-1 08:46

I will work harder!

@ 2019-1-3 03:46

神作不解释

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