Animal Farm: A Fairy Story 小说

  • 中文名: 动物庄园
  • 别名: 一脸猪相
  • 动物农场
  • 动物农庄
  • Animal Farm
  • 出版社: Signet
  • 发售日: 1945-08-17
  • 页数: 112
  • 作者: George Orwell

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Animal Farm is an allegorical and dystopian novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalin era in the Soviet Union. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as a satirical tale against Stalin ("un conte satirique contre Staline"), and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), he wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in which he had tried, with full consciousness of what he was doing, "to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole".

The original title was Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, though the subtitle was dropped by U.S. publishers for its 1946 publication and subsequently all but one of the translations during Orwell's lifetime omitted it. Other variations in the title include: A Satire and A Contemporary Satire.Orwell suggested the title Union des républiques socialistes animales for the French translation, which abbreviates to URSA, the Latin for "bear", a symbol of Russia, and which recalled the French name of the Soviet Union, Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques.

Orwell wrote the book from November 1943 to February 1944, when the wartime alliance with the Soviet Union was at its height and Stalin was regarded highly by the British people and intelligentsia, a circumstance that Orwell hated. It was initially rejected by a number of British and American publishers,including one of Orwell's own, Victor Gollancz. Its publication was thus delayed, though it became a great commercial success when it did finally appear partly because the Cold War so quickly followed World War II.

Time magazine chose the book as one of the 100 best English-language novels (1923 to 2005); it also featured at number 31 on the Modern Library List of Best 20th-Century Novels. It won a Retrospective Hugo Award in 1996, and is also included in the Great Books of the Western World selection.
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8.6 神作
Bangumi Book Ranked:#164

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齐泽克论奥威尔

by CityLight 2021-1-23 09:49 (+1)
奥威尔在小说中描述了斯大林主义下的反乌托邦社会,里面讲的是政治高压和意识控制。这些书在不少前共产主义国家被封杀,其实完全没有必要,因为奥威尔对斯大林的理解很幼稚,他本人对集权社会的分析根本不得要领。他天真地以为前苏联真的有那么严密的国家机器来控制人 ... (more)

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芝麻零 @ 2021-8-31 18:47

读这书的时候,就感觉很适合做成动画,结果还真有

Blackadder @ 2021-8-29 16:07

?

VenixE @ 2021-6-12 16:18

初中时候看的,震撼我一整年

霜精のシェリー @ 2021-5-26 10:47

要是这种社会真能持续发展下去,人类毁灭吧!

RMMA @ 2021-3-6 11:12

当认知水平出现差距后,阶级分化不可避免

异界送 @ 2020-11-10 15:37

惊了,居然是40年代的作品,先知么?

ムラムラ @ 2020-7-15 20:03

浅显易懂也不长,这才真是所有人类都该看的东西,希望有一天能进中学教科书

Brethland @ 2020-5-30 03:45

bgm什么都有

一首朋克拯救地球 @ 2020-5-12 09:40

看到斯奎拉,我就很喜欢。

hitheren @ 2020-5-6 21:49

面包虫这辈子都不会做面包

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